Over the last year I have been looking for and researching the ancient gods of Egypt in an effort to identifying which deity was defeated by YHWH in each of the 10 Plagues of the Exodus.
Most commentaries on the book of Exodus will reference the fact that the 10 Plagues were a power struggle between the gods of Egypt and the God of Israel – however, none of them (at least, the ones that I could find) ever list out each of the gods. Instead they simply make the statement and move on – maybe, if you are lucky, mentioning one or two of the gods.
However I am happy to report that after a year of digging, I have finally located a book that references the gods defeated by the plagues!
The book that did this is Bill Jackson’s “NothinsGonnaStopIt! The Storyline of the Bible” seminar (it is a DVD series with a workbook). What is even cooler is that this DVD/workbook was given to me by a friend (thanks B.L.!!) at the recent Vineyard National Conference after he heard that I was starting a sermon series on the metanarrative of the Bible. God really knows how to take care of His kids!!! 😀
But enough of the back story, here is the paragraph in question:
“When seen in the light of spiritual warfare, the plague of blood was a rebuke of the Egyptian god Ha’pi. The plague of the frogs was a victory over Heqt, the goddess of fertility. Instead of granting normal birth cycles to the Egyptian people, the frog goddess began to give birth to other frogs that multiplied out of control. Kheper, in the form of a beetle (possibly the bases for the “swarms of flies”) symbolizes the daily cycle of the sun across the sky. The plague against the livestock showed the futility of the bull-gods Apis and Mnevis, the cow-god Hathor, and the ram-god Khnum. With the hail, the “heavens” (the home of Nut, the god of the sky) were out of control. The god Serapia was rendered powerless for it was thought to be the god who protected from locusts. With the hail, the “heavens” (the home of the gods) went out of control. And when the sun was blotted out, the power of the sun god Ra was rendered null and void (the great luminaries were again seen as just lights, not powers).
“In the tenth and final plague, YHWH prepared to defeat the last of the Egyptian gods and demonstrate that he was not only the Creator but the King. Since Egyptian Pharaohs considered themselves divine, the angle of the Lord was going to “pass over” the land of Egypt and “strike down” the firstborn sons of all the families in the land, along with the firstborn of their herds for extra measure. “
Speaking about the Exodus in general, I love the quote by Bill Jackson: Continue reading The Deities of the 10 Plagues